This branch of medicine deals with the endocrine system, its diseases, its hormones, and the psychological or behavioral activities of metabolism, growth, and development, tissue function, sleep, digestion, respiration, excretion, mood, stress, lactation, movement, reproduction, and sensory perception caused by hormones.
Current Clinical Trials Related to Endocrinology
Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced. This results in high blood sugar levels in the body. The classical symptoms are frequent urination, increased thirst, increased hunger, and weight loss. Additional symptoms may include blurry vision, feeling tired, and poor healing. Symptoms typically develop over a short period of time.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin. Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss. Symptoms may also include increased hunger, feeling tired, and sores that do not heal. Often symptoms come on slowly. Long-term complications from high blood sugar include heart disease, strokes, diabetic retinopathy which can result in blindness, kidney failure, and poor blood flow in the limbs which may lead to amputations.
Diabetic peripheral neuropathies are nerve-damaging disorders associated with diabetes mellitus. These conditions are thought to result from a diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (vasa nervorum) in addition to macrovascular conditions that can accumulate in diabetic neuropathy.
High cholesterol, is the presence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood. It is a form of high blood lipids and hyperlipoproteinemia (elevated levels of lipoproteins in the blood). Elevated levels of non-HDL cholesterol and LDL in the blood may be a consequence of diet, obesity, inherited (genetic) diseases (such as LDL receptor mutations in familial hypercholesterolemia), or the presence of other diseases such as diabetes and an underactive thyroid.
Hypertriglyceridemia denotes high (hyper-) blood levels (-emia) of triglycerides, the most abundant fatty molecule in most organisms. Elevated levels of triglycerides are associated with atherosclerosis, even in the absence of hypercholesterolemia (high cholesterol levels), and predispose to cardiovascular disease.
Male hypogonadism, also known as testosterone deficiency, is a failure of the testes to produce the male sex hormone testosterone, sperm, or both. It can be due to a testicular disorder or the result of a disease process involving the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.
Testosterone is the male sex hormone that is vital to normal male sexual development and functions. When these hormone levels are low it is called Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome (TD) or Low Testosterone (Low-T). Symptoms may include low sex drive, fatigue, reduced lean muscle mass, irritability, erectile dysfunction and depression.
Most children with diabetes have Type 1, previously called juvenile onset diabetes. Diabetes Type 1 is when your body completely stops making the hormone insulin. Everybody needs insulin to survive! It allows your body to use the sugar (glucose) that is found in food for energy. Without insulin, sugar gets stuck in the blood and is unable to enter cells. Because people with Type 1 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, they must take insulin every day. Currently, the only way to take insulin is by injections.
Other Types of Diseases Related to Endocrinology
Hypoglycemia, also called low blood glucose or low blood sugar, occurs when the level of glucose in your blood drops below normal. Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by an abnormally low level of blood sugar (glucose), your body’s main energy source. Like fever, hypoglycemia isn’t a disease itself — it’s an indicator of a health problem.
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which your thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough of certain important hormones.Hypothyroidism upsets the normal balance of chemical reactions in your body. It seldom causes symptoms in the early stages, but over time, untreated hypothyroidism can cause a number of health problems, such as obesity, joint pain, infertility and heart disease.
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