Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that involves the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. Congenital defects, genetic variance, and developmental issues are of greater concern to pediatricians than they often are to adult physicians. A common adage is that children are not simply “little adults”. The clinician must take into account the immature physiology of the infant or child when considering symptoms, prescribing medications, and diagnosing illnesses.
Current Clinical Trials Related to Pediatrics
Pneumococcal vaccination is a method of preventing a specific type of lung infection (pneumonia) that is caused by the pneumococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae) bacterium. This multivalent pneumococcal vaccine is given with, or separately from, 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in healthy infants.
ADHD is a mental disorder of the neurodevelopmental type. It is characterized by problems paying attention, excessive activity, or difficulty controlling behavior which is not appropriate for a person’s age. The symptoms appear before a person is twelve years old, are present for more than six months, and cause problems in at least two settings (such as school, home, or recreational activities).
Most children with diabetes have Type 1, previously called juvenile onset diabetes. Diabetes Type 1 is when your body completely stops making the hormone insulin. Everybody needs insulin to survive! It allows your body to use the sugar (glucose) that is found in food for energy. Without insulin, sugar gets stuck in the blood and is unable to enter cells. Because people with Type 1 diabetes don’t produce enough insulin, they must take insulin every day. Currently, the only way to take insulin is by injections.
Pediatric Eczema is a skin disorder that usually appears in babies or very young children, and may last until the child reaches adolescence or adulthood. Eczema causes the skin to itch, turn red, and flake. Different triggers can make eczema worse, including environmental stress, allergies, and sweating. Of the children with eczema, 65 percent will show symptoms in the first year of life and 90 percent will show signs of eczema within the first 5 years.
Other Types of Diseases Related to Pediatrics
Otitis is a general term for inflammation or infection of the ear. In otitis media, the middle ear is infected or clogged with fluid behind the ear drum, in the normally air-filled middle-ear space. The inner ear includes sensory organs for balance and hearing. When the inner ear is inflamed, vertigo is a common symptom. external otitis, or “swimmer’s ear” involves the outer ear and ear canal. In external otitis, the ear hurts when touched or pulled.
Immunizations can save your child’s life. Because of advances in medical science, your child can be protected against more diseases than ever before. Some diseases that once injured or killed thousands of children, have been eliminated completely and others are close to extinction– primarily due to safe and effective vaccines. Vaccines have reduced and, in some cases, eliminated many diseases that killed or severely disabled people just a few generations ago.
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