Podiatry is a branch of medicine devoted to the study, diagnosis, and medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle and lower extremity. Podiatrists can be the first to identify systemic diseases in patients, such as diabetes and vascular disease.
Current Clinical Trials Related to Podiatry
Diabetic peripheral neuropathies (nerve pain) are nerve-damaging disorders associated with diabetes mellitus. These conditions are thought to result from a diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (vasa nervorum) in addition to macrovascular conditions that can accumulate in diabetic neuropathy.
Other Types of Diseases Related to Podiatry
Diabetic Foot Ulcer
A diabetic foot ulcer is an open sore or wound that occurs in approximately 15 percent of patients with diabetes and is commonly located on the bottom of the foot. Of those who develop a foot ulcer, 6 percent will be hospitalized due to infection or other ulcer-related complication.
Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail. This condition may affect toenails or fingernails, but toenail infections are particularly common.Treatment may be based on the signs. Treatment may be with the medication terbinafine. It occurs in about 10 percent of the adult population. It is the most common disease of the nails and constitutes about half of all nail abnormalities.
Athlete’s Foot is a common skin infection of the feet caused by fungus. Signs and symptoms often include itching, scaling, and redness. Athlete’s foot fungus may infect any part of the foot, but most often grows between the toes. It is caused by a number of different fungi, including Trichophyton, Epidermophyton, and Microsporum.
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