Pulmonology is the study and treatment of the respiratory system. Pulmonologists treat everything from asthma to tuberculosis. Pulmonologists have expertise in infectious, structural and inflammatory respiratory disorders. Sometimes this extends to the cardiovascular system.
Current Clinical Trials Related to Pulmonary
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for different types of COPD. Tobacco smoking is the most common cause of COPD, with factors such as air pollution and genetics playing a smaller role.
Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by coughing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and wheezing. Asthma symptoms may be triggered by allergens or other, non-allergic stimuli, such as respiratory tract infections, cold air, or tobacco smoke. If you have asthma your airways are always inflamed. They become even more swollen and the muscles around the airways can tighten when something triggers your symptoms. This makes it difficult for air to move in and out of the lungs, causing symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and/or chest tightness.
Other Types of Diseases Related to Pulmonary
Sleep Apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep. Each pause can last for a few seconds to a few minutes and they happen many times a night. In the most common form, this follows loud snoring. People with sleep apnea may not be aware they have it. In many cases it is first observed by a family member. Sleep apnea is often diagnosed with an overnight sleep study.
Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine. Long-term issues include difficulty breathing and coughing up mucus as a result of frequent lung infections. Other signs and symptoms may include sinus infections, poor growth, fatty stool, clubbing of the fingers and toes, and infertility in some males. Different people may have different degrees of symptoms.
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